Episode 9: Distinguishing the Early Epipalaeolithic

The Epipalaeolithic is a bit of a tricky period in the prehistory of the Near East. This is especially the case for the first half of the Epipalaeolithic. As a period, the Epipalaeolithic in the Near East runs from the Last Glacial Maximum at the end of the Pleistocene (beginning about 24/23-20,000 years ago), throughContinue reading “Episode 9: Distinguishing the Early Epipalaeolithic”

Episode 8: Social Networking in the Upper Palaeolithic

Last week we looked at new inventions of the Upper Palaeolithic. We also saw how while many of these new developments appear all over the Near East in the Upper Palaeolithic, much of the evidence that we have for people across the Near East suggests differences between groups of people within the individual regions ofContinue reading “Episode 8: Social Networking in the Upper Palaeolithic”

Episode 7: Inventing the Upper Palaeolithic

Last week we looked at the process of transition from the Middle Palaeolithic to the Upper Palaeolithic. This week we are starting to look at what life was like in the now human-only world of the Near East in the Upper Palaeolithic proper. We know from last week that the move into the Upper PalaeolithicContinue reading “Episode 7: Inventing the Upper Palaeolithic”

Episode 6: Humans 2.0 and the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic Transition

Over the last few weeks we have seen how humans and Neanderthals each lived in the Near East, how each was present in different areas, or in the same area at different times. This week humans move once again out of Africa and northwards across the Near East. Unlike in the Middle Palaeolithic, this timeContinue reading “Episode 6: Humans 2.0 and the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic Transition”

Episode 5: Middle Palaeolithic Humans in Arabia

After taking a look at Neanderthals last week, this week we take a look at how what we know about the lifestyles and habits of Middle Palaeolithic humans compares with what we know about Neanderthals. In comparison with Neanderthals, the evidence that humans buried their dead, that they may even have included grave goods inContinue reading “Episode 5: Middle Palaeolithic Humans in Arabia”

Episode 3: Making the Middle Palaeolithic

About 215,000 years ago, Lower Palaeolithic of the Near East transitioned into the Middle Palaeolithic. The overall pattern of life which we saw in the Lower Palaeolithic – moving across the landscape hunting animals and gathering plants – has not changed as we move into the Middle Palaeolithic. However, enough has changed about people andContinue reading “Episode 3: Making the Middle Palaeolithic”

Episode 2: the Lower Palaeolithic in the Near East

The archaeological record in the ancient Near East begins with the Lower Palaeolithic, when Homo erectus wandered out of Africa some time a little less than two million years ago and spread out across Europe and Asia. It is the evidence from the lives of these people which we have across the Near East thatContinue reading “Episode 2: the Lower Palaeolithic in the Near East”

Episode 1: People and humans, a family story

The long road between our last common ancestor with apes and modern humans is a fascinating area of archaeological research. Many different species of ancient people have been found from the last seven million years, including both our ancestors as well as some more distant cousins. I hope that you enjoyed the short (ish) summaryContinue reading “Episode 1: People and humans, a family story”